Primary Class (ages 2 through 6 years old)
The curriculum is designed to help the child develop physically, socially, cognitively and academically. All content areas contribute to the development of concentration skills.
Practical Life activities allow the child to practice everyday skills that help with the development of independence. Tying frames, zipper frames, sweeping, pouring and washing dishes are some examples of activities that allow the child to become proficient with self-help skills. Practical life activities also refine both fine and gross motor skills.
Sensorial materials help sharpen the child's senses. Materials requiring tactile, auditory, olfactory, gustatory, and eyesight discrimination are used to enhance the refinement of each sense. These materials also provide an indirect preparation for math.
Language activities give the children opportunities to acquire new vocabulary by giving them exact names of things that interest them and their components, including insects and flowers. Reading is taught via a phonetic approach, initially teaching the letter sounds rather than the names. This allows the child to blend sounds together and read more easily. While in the primary class, the child learns blends, sight words and is given lessons on the functions of words and how to analyze sentences.
The Math materials are a concrete representation of the abstract concept they are trying to teach. The child manipulates rods, beads, and spindles to understand the concept of numbers, the decimal system and math operations. Cultural Subjects are presented as an extension of the sensorial and language activities.
Geography is introduced through puzzle maps, pictures, stories, songs and artifacts representing a specific country or continent.
The children in the primary class have music and movement lessons with the LMS music teacher. The younger children in the class are exposed to art in different mediums, including visual and tactile forms. Third year students in the primary class have formal art classes with the Lexington Montessori art teacher.
Elementary Class (grades 1 through 6)
Features of the Elementary Level:
- UK Children’s Hospital Mural that LMS Students Helped Create
- Hands-on learning: continued use of materials to learn concepts until child transitions to abstract learning
- Individualized instruction: lessons are one-on-one or in small groups
- Responsibility: continued reinforcement of the self-direction for starting and finishing work, completing homework, and participating in classroom activities, discussion, and group decisions
In the Elementary Class, students work both on individual and group lessons, making work choices and completing assignments. The lessons and corresponding projects, presentations and assignments completed by the children focus on one or more curricular areas, including math, language, history, geography, and science. Science, history and geography units follow a 3-year cycle of units. Science includes performing hands-on experiments and learning the scientific method; science projects are done by students in the upper grades.
The art portion of the curriculum for elementary students includes both design and drawing, with projects in pencil, ink, paint, oil pastels, and clay. In addition to these formal art lessons and lessons in art history, projects relying on arts and crafts complement the history, geography, and science units.
The music lessons for the Elementary Class include elements of music theory, voice, movement and dance, Orff percussion instruments for grades 1 through 6, and recorders for children in grades 3-6. The children participate in musical performances at the end of each semester.
The elementary students learn Spanish in small groups. The emphasis in these lessons is on vocabulary, conversation, and introduction to grammar and written work. Read more about the mural pictured above.
Summer Enrichment Program
Lexington Montessori School offers a variety of 1- and 2-week enrichment classes in June and July of each year. The classes are taught by LMS teachers, and are open to Lexington Montessori students attending the school. Classes meet for several hours each weekday morning, and focus on a variety of art, craft-making, science, and music topic areas. These programs vary each summer and are based on demand.